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Budapest Guide 

 

City of culture

 


  An exploration of Budapest soon reveals it to be one of the most culturally diverse capitals in all Europe. There is a huge range of cultural entertainment to choose from in Budapest. There are theatrical performances and concerts of classical and light music every day, with both Hungarian artists and guests from all over the world.

 
  The Budapest Spring Festival and the Budapest Autumn Festival are two major international art festivals. Grand opera and ballet are staged at both the Opera House and the Erkel Theatre, whereas the Operetta Theatre is the place to see and hear the operettas and musicals of Lehár, Kálmán and Ábrahám. "The Phantom of the Opera" is on all the year round at the Madách Theatre, and foreign language productions, mostly English, are put on at the Merlin Theatre. Vibrant folk music and dance shows are regularly held at the Buda Vigadó and Duna Palota Theatres.

 

 

City of Waters and Spas

 


  The thermal waters of Buda have been used since ancient times, the Romans and the Turks built baths here, several of which can still be seen and even used today. Budapest received official recognition for its thermal and medicinal waters as early as 1934, so it's hardly a surprise that health tourism currently plays an important role.

 
  Nowadays virtually every four-star hotel or higher comes complete with its own array of health and fitness services, and many of these are genuinely spas in their own right, that is to say the internationally-known services they provide are based first and foremost on the proven medicinal properties of the mineral water to be found here. The atmosphere is conducive to effective treatment, and qualified medical assistance is always at hand.

 

City of Education and Universities

 


  Budapest offers high-standard programs in the fields of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Veterinary Science and Human Kinesiology. Besides medical subjects you can also study Law, Mathematics, Psychology, Physical Education and Music, or various disciplines of the Humanities.

In the past two decades more than 10.000 international students enrolled at local universities. Today, the top 10 countries of student enrolment are Germany, Israel, Norway, Cyprus, Iran, Sweden, USA, Nigeria, China and Canada.

 
  The Budapest Spring Festival and the Budapest Autumn Festival are two major international art festivals. Grand opera and ballet are staged at both the Opera House and the Erkel Theatre, whereas the Operetta Theatre is the place to see and hear the operettas and musicals of Lehár, Kálmán and Ábrahám. "The Phantom of the Opera" is on all the year round at the Madách Theatre, and foreign language productions, mostly English, are put on at the Merlin Theatre. Vibrant folk music and dance shows are regularly held at the Buda Vigadó and Duna Palota Theatres.

 

 

Thousands of Years of History

 


  The earliest known settlements are those of the Celts dating back to the 3rd century BC. In the first decades BC, Transdanubia was conquered by the Romans who incorporated it into the Roman Empire as Pannonia, Aquincum. What is now Óbuda in the 3rd district, developed into the capital of the province Pannonia Inferior. This was the headquarters of the lcoa Roman governor and base to a significant military force which guarded the imperial frontier along the Danube River.

In the early fifth century, the Roman defence lines were swept away by the Goths and other tribes fleeing westwards from the Huns. During the flourishing period of the Hun empire (after AD 430), this crossing point over the Danube retained its significance.

 
  The Hungarians appeared here around the end of the ninth century, establishing the seat of their prince near the same crossing of the Danube in the abandoned Roman settlement. They quickly recognized the geo-strategic significance of the place, and Obuda, the territory of the civilian city of Aquincum, became the first centre of Hungary. In the 16th century, most of Hungary, including Buda fell to the Turkish Ottoman Empire and was mostly destroyed in the 150 years of Turkish rule and in the war of liberation that ended it. From the late 17th century, Hungary was part of the Habsburg Empire, later called the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, until the end of World War I.

In 1873, the formerly separate but interdependent towns, Buda, Pest and Óbuda were integrated into one administrative unit: Budapest. Due to concentration of capital and workforce and Budapest's pivotal position in the country's railway system, the city enjoyed a prosperity never seen before.

From the 1870s began the age of the Hungarian industrial revolution, the benefits of witch were mainly concentrated in Budapest. The city attracted the majority of newly-founded banks, business associations and industrial enterprises. This was the period when the face of today's Budapest began to take shape.

 

 

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